From disinformation to fact-checking: How Ibero-American fact-checkers on Twitter combat fake news

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2023.ene.10

Palabras clave:

Twitter, Fact-checking, Fact-checkers, Ibero-America, Latin-América, Spain, Portugal, Disinformation, Digital literacy, Media literacy, Transparency, Interaction, Engagement

Resumen

In recent years, the disinformation phenomenon, brought about by the ease with which fake news and hoaxes spread on social networks, has grown considerably. Twitter, especially, is a network that from the outset has been closely linked to news processes that are widely used by journalists. It has become a highly efficient means of spreading disinformation owing to its immediacy and capacity to spread contents. The microblogging network has attracted the attention of researchers and is a suitable subject matter for analysing how fact-checkers communicate as agents who nurture digital literacy in the general public to help them spot disinformation. The aim of this research is to characterise the use of Twitter by Ibero-American fact-checkers and to determine to what extent their posting habits influence interaction. To do so, the trending and timing for posts, the type of contents and resources used by each fact-checker and the interactions created on all levels are analysed. This research stated that Ibero-American fact-checkers throughout 2021 were highly active on Twitter. This was closely linked to the crises related to Covid-19. Communications from these organisations have helped to spread and reinforce their fact-checking and digital literacy mission, even though their performance is no more efficient in terms of the scope and impact of their work. The results show that boosting posts of reactive tweets, adjusting posting time to the Twitter dynamics and increasing the use of resources such as images and mentions are useful strategies for promoting interaction.

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Publicado

2023-01-11

Cómo citar

Míguez-González, M.-I., Martínez-Rolán, X., & García-Mirón, S. (2023). From disinformation to fact-checking: How Ibero-American fact-checkers on Twitter combat fake news. Profesional De La información, 32(1). https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2023.ene.10

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