Profesional de la información 2023-05-22T14:39:06+00:00 Rodrigo Sánchez Jiménez Open Journal Systems <p><strong><em>Profesional de la información</em></strong> is a scholarly journal on communication, information, indicators, libraries and information technologies.</p> <div>Impact factor JCR: JIF 2021 = 3.596 (Q2)</div> <div>Scopus/<a href=";tip=sid&amp;clean=0" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SCImago Journal Rank</a>: SJR 2021 = 0.831 (Q1)</div> Evolution of digital activism on social media: opportunities and challenges 2023-05-05T14:51:10+00:00 Antonio Castillo-Esparcia Lucía Caro-Castaño Ana Almansa-Martínez <p class="p1">The social media revolution has affected all areas, including activism. However, there is scepticism about its emancipatory capacity, and it is considered by some to be a distorted form of activism. This article presents a review of the existing literature on digital activism, starting with the concept itself, and examines its impact on the organisation of activists and citizen participation. Likewise, based on the platformisation of these spaces and the evolution of their affordances, we observe a growth in individual, strategic and low-commitment participation, the accentuation of the role of emotions in media that promote virality, and the assumption of playful forms of politainment by activists –especially on <em>TikTok</em>–. On the other hand, the strategies carried out by organisations to promote activism in relation to their causes are investigated, such as the generation of arguments provided by the interest group and the involvement in an action of dissemination, co-creation and replication of activists. Finally, the main challenges of digital activism are indicated: the growing inequality in terms of access to algorithmic visibility between activists and brands, influencers and interest groups; the desirability of complementing playful activism with work in alternative digital media that allows for more stable forms of collaboration; and the need to protect activists against the growth of hate speech on these platforms.</p> 2023-05-09T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2023 Profesional de la información Designing personalisation of European public service media (PSM): trends on algorithms and artificial intelligence for content distribution 2023-04-14T11:15:12+00:00 César Fieiras-Ceide Martín Vaz-Álvarez Miguel Túñez-López <p class="p1">The migration of audiences to digital environments has motivated the media to develop a content distribution strategy that has a presence in these new spaces. In the case of European public broadcasters, they have strengthened their digital news services and have built video-on-demand platforms where they organise and screen their products. Even so, the overload of information and content reaching users forces corporations to look for new mechanisms to present an adequate, interesting and diverse offering to each of their followers. This research project analyses the use of artificial intelligence in the recommendation systems implemented by 14 European public broadcasters in Germany (<em>ARD</em> and <em>ZDF</em>), Belgium (<em>VRT</em> and <em>RTBF</em>), Denmark (<em>DR</em>), Spain (<em>RTVE</em>), Finland (<em>YLE</em>), France (<em>France TV</em>), Great Britain (<em>BBC</em>), the Netherlands (<em>NPO</em>), Ireland (<em>RTÉ</em>), Italy (<em>RAI</em>), Sweden (<em>SVT</em>) and Switzerland (<em>RTS</em>). The results reveal that there is no unanimity among the corporations with regard to the operation and origin of these systems, which vary between home-made developments, acquired from third parties, or collaborative solutions. Operators differentiate between news recommendation processes and those executed on their VoD platforms and aim to distance their systems from those of commercial media, for which they have already started working on a public service media (PSM) algorithm that includes traditional public media values, avoids filter bubbles, and pays special attention to the <em>European General Data Protection Regulation</em> (<em>GDPR</em>).</p> 2023-05-24T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2023 Profesional de la información Constructing counter-hegemony on Twitter: Discourse of Ibero-American political women of “change” in the digital environment 2022-11-21T16:51:56+00:00 Romina Pepe-Oliva Andreu Casero-Ripollés <p> </p> <p class="p1">Women are occupying more and more space in the public sphere, not only through pressure on the streets, but increasingly in digital spaces. It is at this intersection that different ways of engaging in politics coalesce with the presence of women who demand their own voice and visibility beyond the mechanisms of traditional politics. Those requiring a transformation of the current political reality are the political women “of change.” One of their main attributes is that they generate and spread counter-hegemonic narratives as a form of empowerment and a way to question the dominant political discourse through digital media. Our objective herein is to analyze, in a comparative way, the use of this communicative strategy to understand its articulation and mechanisms. To do this, we study the discourse of ten Ibero-American political women on <em>Twitter</em> who are linked to social change. The methodology is based on the application of the content analysis technique that combines a quantitative dimension with another of a qualitative nature focused on critical discourse analysis. The results show that criticism and denunciation, to give voice to the voiceless and make social problems visible, are the main components of these political actors’ counter-hegemonic discourse on <em>Twitter</em>. Likewise, they display a practical and constructive counter-hegemony oriented in applied and positive terms. Finally, the institutional position in the government–opposition axis sharpens or minimizes the use of these types of communication strategies.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> 2023-05-09T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2023 Profesional de la información Blood donors wanted: narrative innovation on TikTok to enable mobilization 2022-12-13T10:16:47+00:00 Raquel Martínez-Sanz Amaia Arribas-Urrutia <p class="p1">The explosive success of <em>TikTok</em> is one of a long list of phenomena that are transforming audiovisual relationships, creation, and consumption (Gómez-García; Vicent-Ibáñez, 2022). At the same time, social networks are demonstrating a capacity for outreach, awareness, and activism through innovative narratives that impact the audience. Therefore, we ask if and how, in addition to entertaining and being a place to find the latest trends,<em> TikTok</em> can help promote health activism linked to blood donation –an act of social responsibility– the collection of which has been in sharp decline for years (Carter <em>et al</em>., 2011; Huis-in ‘t-Veld <em>et al</em>., 2019). Through multimodal discourse analysis (Kress, 2012), we determine the characteristics, significance, and communicative resources of the <em>tiktok</em>s that the platform grouped under the hashtag #donasangre [#DonateBlood], ultimately comparing them with the perception and relationship that a large group of young university students expressed in focus groups. Among the results, we highlight how content on <em>TikTok</em> is reinterpreted and appropriated, as well as the false myths perpetuated among young people that keep them from donating and reinforce the importance of health institutions taking an active role in the online conversation and integrating narrative innovation into their content creation dynamics. Qualitative analysis of comments (6,215) revealed that there is an audience that “comes together” (Juris, 2012) and whose members reaffirm their status as donors and whose experience tempers the idea of donating being stressful and scary.</p> 2023-05-09T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2023 Profesional de la información Political conversations and regret: A qualitative evaluation on the aftermath of political discussions on social media 2023-02-09T16:37:47+00:00 Manuel Goyanes Porismita Borah Homero Gil de Zúñiga <p class="p1">The fundamental role of political discussions in democracy has been frequently highlighted by quantitative and qualitative literature at the intersection of political communication and media effects. Most research has revolved around whether, and if so under what conditions, social media platforms constitute public spaces where democracy can be nurtured and promoted. Building on this literature and underscoring the importance of individuals’ self-effects theories, this qualitative study, based on 42 in-depth interviews, clarifies how social media users navigate political discussions and their ulterior affective and cognitive processes, introducing the notion of<em> political discussion regret. </em>Specifically, this concept fundamentally emphasizes the sterility of partaking in political discussions as the main motivation for users’ cognitive lamentation, which indirectly cancels the presumed muscle of social media as the sphere of public and private political discussion and deliberations. Implications of the study’s findings and main theoretical consequences for the political discussion literature are also provided.</p> 2023-05-09T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2023 Profesional de la información “As a rule, I don’t have sex on the first date”: Gender and age differences in motivations, perceptions, and experiences on Tinder 2023-01-30T13:07:24+00:00 Carles Roca-Cuberes Arnau Roig-Mora Priscila Álvarez-Cueva <p class="p1">This research explores the impact that gender and age have on motivations, experiences, and perceptions regarding the use of <em>Tinder</em>. Based on an inductive analysis of 37 semi-structured interviews with heterosexual <em>Tinder</em> users, we specifically examine gender and age differences in motivations, match selection, and communication management on this mobile dating app. The findings show that age differences have a more significant effect on motivations than gender differences do, whereby older adults use the app to find a stable partner, and young adults use it for sex. Women are more selective when picking matches than men, and when they make these selections, they pay special attention to male attributes that are typically associated with maintaining stable relationships. In contrast, men tend to focus almost exclusively on physical appearance. Between the match and the first date, users need to deal with a considerable volume of communication, which involves the use of different communication media in a series of consecutive stages, toward which matches normatively orient themselves. This transition to new media and stages, in which men tend to take the initiative and women assume the sanctioning role, marks a kind of incremental passage to intimacy. We conclude that, in their courting conduct, <em>Tinder</em> users perform conventional gender scripts that are typical of the heteronormative model of intimate relationships.</p> 2023-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2023 Profesional de la información Spanish research on Communication in WoS: thematic, methodological, and intellectual comparison between SSCI and ESCI 2023-01-23T12:55:27+00:00 Francisco Segado-Boj Valeriano Piñeiro-Naval Tamara Antona-Jimeno <p class="p1">This study analyses the thematic and conceptual structure of the Spanish scientific production published in <em>Emerging Sources Citation Index </em>(<em>Web of Science</em>) journals. In this way, the aim is to identify the closest links between concepts and terms based on the co-occurrence of keywords used by the authors of the papers analysed, and also to point out the theoretical foundations that exist in the discipline through the co-citation relationships of articles in the bibliography of the documents in the sample. Finally, these results were compared with those obtained from the analysis of Spanish scientific production in <em>Social Sciences Citation Index</em> (<em>SSCI</em>). To achieve these objectives, a network analysis of the co-occurrence of keywords and co-citation of references in articles published in Communication journals between 2015 and 2021 in <em>ESCI</em> (N = 3,559) and <em>SSCI</em> (N = 1,738) with at least one author linked to a Spanish institution was carried out. The results point to similar structural cohesion values and to a thematic and methodological similarity between both sets observed. There is a marked tendency towards quantitative studies on new technologies. While in <em>SSCI</em> there is an almost absolute dominance of Journalism studies, in <em>ESCI</em> there is a greater diversity of other disciplines such as Audiovisual Communication or Advertising. However, the intellectual structure of the production in <em>SSCI</em> reflects a more specialised character than in <em>ESCI</em>.</p> 2023-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2023 Profesional de la información Peer review: the attitudes and behaviours of Covid-19 pandemic-era early career researchers 2023-05-22T14:39:06+00:00 David Nicholas Eti Herman Blanca Rodríguez-Bravo Anthony Watkinson Cherifa Boukacem-Zeghmouri Marzena Świgoń Abdullah Abrizah David Sims Jie Xu David Clark Galina Serbina Hamid R. Jamali Carol Tenopir Suzie Allard <p class="p1">Explores science and social science early career researchers’ (ECRs) perceptions and experiences of peer review, seeking also to identify their views of any pandemic-associated changes that have taken place. Data are drawn from the <em>Harbingers-2</em> project, which investigated the impact of the pandemic on scholarly communications. Peer review, one of the activities covered, is singled out as it proved to be the activity of greatest concern to ECRs. Findings are obtained from interviews, which covered around 167 ECRs from China, France, Malaysia, Poland, Russia, Spain, UK and US, supplemented by an international survey that took the data out to a bigger and wider audience for confirmation and generalisation. Results obtained are enhanced by comparisons with pre-pandemic evidence yielded by <em>Harbingers-1</em>, the forerunner of the present study, and anchored in an extensive review of the literature. Main findings are: 1) most ECRs were experienced in peer review, both as reviewers and authors, but few had formal training; 2) half the ECRs had a lot or some reservations as to whether peer review vouches for the trustworthiness of research; 3) inadequate reviewers and slow processes were the main peer review associated problems; 4) there was a strong feeling that some kind of compensation, whether monetary or reputational, could help in dealing with these problems; 5) the pandemic impacted most on the speed of processing, with the majority of ECRs saying it had slowed the process; 6) nearly everyone thought that any pandemic-induced impacts would be temporary.</p> 2023-05-22T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2023 Profesional de la información The emerging phenomenon of L2 vlogging on Bilibili: characteristics, engagement, and informal language learning 2023-03-13T10:11:13+00:00 Leticia-Tian Zhang Boris Vázquez-Calvo Daniel Cassany <p class="p1">The rise of digital technology has provided new opportunities for language learning, extending beyond traditional classroom instruction. Video projects have emerged as an effective tool in foreign language education, yet research on self-initiated and regulated video production for language learning is scarce. This study investigates the phenomenon of vlogging in Spanish as a second language on the Chinese video sharing platform <em>Bilibili</em>, by analyzing 134 Chinese-produced Spanish-language vlogs. The study aims to understand the vlogs’ characteristics, the vloggers’ profile, and the ways they utilize the genre for learning Spanish. Through qualitative virtual ethnography, the study uncovers the presence and learning engagement of Spanish L2 vlogs on <em>Bilibili</em>. The results reveal a diverse range of vlogs, including daily life experiences and adaptations of popular <em>YouTube </em>trends, primarily produced by university students with advanced editing skills. Vloggers incorporate knowledge from both formal education (e.g., the Spanish textbook widely used in China, <em>Español Moderno</em>) and informal contexts. In addition to practicing oral Spanish, L2 vloggers use various forms of writing, including Spanish subtitles and Chinese translation, and mobilize multimodal resources, such as <em>danmu</em> comments for overlaying corrections. Vloggers also adopt discursive strategies for community interaction, such as self-deprecating metalanguage, feedback solicitation, and metalinguistic reflections. The study highlights the potential of video-sharing platforms like <em>Bilibili</em> as tools for language learning, reveals different learning styles in digital environments (self-supervised and interaction-oriented learning), and indicates the direction of integrating daily vlogs and multilingual subtitles into language curricula, emphasizing students’ agency, self-directed digital learning, and transmedia literacy development.</p> 2023-05-09T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2023 Profesional de la información Voice search optimization in digital media: challenges, use and training 2023-03-24T13:22:16+00:00 Carlos Lopezosa Lluís Codina Javier Guallar Mario Pérez-Montoro <p class="p1">In view of the widespread use of virtual voice assistants and/or voice searches on smartphones to find all kinds of information, this article explores voice search optimisation (VSO) and its application in the journalistic sector. To this end, 32 semi-structured interviews were conducted with experts representing different professional profiles in the fields of journalism, search engine optimisation (SEO) and academic research. On the basis of the data, eight semantic categories were created and the experts’ perceptions were correlated to identify response patterns. The results confirm the existence of various degrees of convergence and divergence between these three professional profiles in relation to different dimensions of VSO, such as its definition, its techniques, its current and future strategic role in digital media, and its application in journalistic writing. This study confirms that although the use of VSO in digital news media is still in its embryonic stages, it will be useful in the medium and long term to train journalists in basic aspects of voice searches. In addition, internal SEO departments should be prepared to optimise the visibility of news for virtual voice assistants when they become widespread and when the technology companies that develop these assistants define a viable business model.</p> 2023-05-09T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2023 Profesional de la información Proposal for an index measuring the reputation of open data portals: The Odapri 2023-03-24T13:29:49+00:00 Marta Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado Alberto Abella Carmen De-Pablos-Heredero <p class="p1">The demand for open data has led to the creation and the availability of numerous portals releasing data. However, a large percentage of them are not properly designed for professional use. One way to analyze the value that a portal delivers is through its reputation, but this is a concept that has not yet been well defined or measured. This work will focus on the reputation of open data portals with two objectives. The first objective is to delimit the concept of reputation for open data portals, therefore leading to the first proposed research question: How can the reputation of open data portals be defined? The second objective is to propose criteria for measuring reputation and to create a reputation index for open data portals, with the second research question: How can the reputation of open data portals be assessed? This work is conceptual and descriptive and proposes a multidimensional definition of this concept, which includes whether it is known, being known for something, and its generalized favorability. In addition, a proposal is made for a reputation index identifying its dimensions and measurements, and finally, an analysis of its usefulness is presented. To this end, a figure has been created that summarizes the dimensions and benefits for creators and developers of open data portals and for the different application sectors (public, private, academic, and third sector). This research can help public administrations and other sectors to have a reference of good practices when offering open data to citizens and organizations oriented towards creating value in society.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> 2023-05-26T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2023 Profesional de la información