Retweeting Covid-19 disability issues: Risks, support and outrage

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.mar.16

Palabras clave:

Covid-19, Coronavirus, Disability, Twitter, Social media, Social networks, Retweeting, People with disabilities, Disabled people, Health information, Pandemics, Thematic analysis.

Resumen

The Covid-19 pandemic has greatly uneven impacts on sectors of society. People with disabilities are particularly vulnerable to it and so it is important to understand both the disability perspective and the role of social media. This information may help to reduce the risk from the disease. In response, this article uses thematic analysis to investigate 59 disability-related tweets from March 10 to April 4, 2020 that were retweeted at least 500 times, with a quarter of a million retweets altogether. This approach generates quick insights into widely resonating disability-related issues. The results suggest the value of Twitter for disseminating information about the risk, offers or requests for support, the ability of many people with disabilities to adjust to the changes well, and information about individuals with the disease. In addition, there was outrage at suggestions that the disease was less serious because young people without disabilities were relatively low risk, and that people with disabilities might be denied equal access to medical treatment. As one tweet pointed out, people in less vulnerable categories should not be told on Twitter or elsewhere that the disease is less relevant to them because their actions can impact others through social spreading.

Citas

BBC (2020). Coronavirus: Fake news crackdown by UK government. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-52086284

Boyd, Danah; Golder, Scott; Lotan, Gilad (2010). “Tweet, tweet, retweet: Conversational aspects of retweeting on Twitter”. In: 2010 43rd Hawaii international conference on system sciences (pp. 1-10). Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Press. https://doi.org/10.1109/HICSS.2010.412

Braun, Virginia; Clarke, Victoria (2006). “Using thematic analysis in psychology”. Qualitative research in psychology, v. 3, n. 2, pp. 77-101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa

Caton, Sue; Chapman, Melanie (2016). “The use of social media and people with intellectual disability: A systematic review and thematic analysis”. Journal of intellectual and developmental disability, v. 41, n. 2, pp. 125-139. https://doi.org/10.3109/13668250.2016.1153052

Cocq, Coppélie; Ljuslinder, Karin (2020). “Self-representations on social media. Reproducing and challenging discourses on disability”. Alter (in press). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alter.2020.02.001

Cugelman, Brian; Thelwall, Mike; Dawes, Phil (2011). “Online interventions for social marketing health behavior change campaigns: a meta-analysis of psychological architectures and adherence factors”. Journal of medical internet research, v. 13, n. 1, e17. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.1367

Ellis, Katie; Kent, Mike (eds.). (2016). Disability and social media: Global perspectives. Oxford, UK: Taylor & Francis. ISBN: 978 1 472458452

Farhadloo, Mohsen; Winneg, Kenneth; Chan, Man-Pui-Sally; Jamieson, Kathleen-Hall; Albarracin, Dolores (2018). “Associations of topics of discussion on Twitter with survey measures of attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors related to Zika: probabilistic study in the United States”. JMIR Public health and surveillance, v. 4, n. 1, e16. http://doi.org/10.2196/publichealth.8186

Gale, Fran; Bolzan, Natalie (2016). “Online ghettoes, perils or supernannies? Australian young people with chronic illness and disability challenge some moral panics about young people online”. Disability & society, v. 31, n. 8, pp. 1112-1126. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2016.1236717

Golder, Su; Ahmed, Shahd; Norman, Gill; Booth, Andrew (2017). “Attitudes toward the ethics of research using social media: a systematic review”. Journal of medical internet research, v. 19, n. 6, e195. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.7082

Kowalski, Robin M.; Toth, Allison (2018). “Cyberbullying among youth with and without disabilities”. Journal of child & adolescent trauma, v. 11, n. 1, pp. 7-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40653-017-0139-y

Lachlan, Kenneth A.; Xu, Zhan; Hutter, Emily E.; Adam, Rainear; Spence, Patric R. (2019). “A little goes a long way: serial transmission of Twitter content associated with Hurricane Irma and implications for crisis communication”. Journal of strategic innovation and sustainability, v. 14, n. 1, pp. 16-26. https://doi.org/10.33423/jsis.v14i1.984

Majmundar, Anuja; Allem, Jon-Patrick; Boley-Cruz, Tess; Unger, Jennifer-Beth (2018). “The why we retweet scale”. PloS one, v. 13, n. 10, e0206076. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0206076

McNeil, Karen; Brna, Paula M.; Gordon, Kevin E. (2012). “Epilepsy in the Twitter era: a need to re-tweet the way we think about seizures”. Epilepsy & behavior, v. 23, n. 2, pp. 127-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2011.10.020

Mencap (2020). Mencap responds to revised critical care guidance from NICE (2 April update). https://www.mencap.org.uk/press-release/mencap-responds-deeply-troubling-new-nice-covid-19-guidance

Milbrodt, Teresa (2018). “Today I had an eye appointment, and I’m still blind: Crip humor, storytelling, and narrative positioning of the disabled self”. Disability studies quarterly, v. 38, n. 2. https://dsq-sds.org/article/view/6163

Miller, Ryan A. (2017). “My voice is definitely strongest in online communities: Students using social media for queer and disability identity-making”. Journal of college student development, v. 58, n. 4, pp. 509-525. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/663305

Pearson, Charlotte; Trevisan, Filippo (2015). “Disability activism in the new media ecology: Campaigning strategies in the digital era”. Disability & society, v. 30, n. 6, pp. 924-940. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2015.1051516

Scaramuzzino, Gabriella; Scaramuzzino, Roberto (2017). “The weapon of a new generation? - Swedish civil society organizations’ use of social media to influence politics”. Journal of information technology & politics, v. 14, n. 1, pp. 46-61. https://doi.org/10.1080/19331681.2016.1276501

Suh, Bongwon; Hong, Lichan; Pirolli, Peter; Chi, Ed H. (2010). “Want to be retweeted? large scale analytics on factors impacting retweet in Twitter network”. In: 2010 IEEE Second international conference on social computing (pp. 177-184). Menlo Park, CA: IEEE Press. https://doi.org/10.1109/SocialCom.2010.33

Sweet, Kayla S.; LeBlanc, Jennifer K.; Stough, Laura M.; Sweany, Noelle W. (2020). “Community building and knowledge sharing by individuals with disabilities using social media”. Journal of computer assisted learning, v. 36, n. 1, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcal.12377

Tandoc Jr, Edson C.; Johnson, Erika (2016). “Most students get breaking news first from Twitter”. Newspaper research journal, v. 37, n. 2, pp. 153-166. http://doi.org/10.1177/0739532916648961

Trevisan, Filippo (2017). “Crowd-sourced advocacy: promoting disability rights through online storytelling”. Public relations inquiry, v. 6, n. 2, pp. 191-208. https://doi.org/10.1177/2046147X17697785

WHO (2020a). 2019-nCoV outbreak is an emergency of international concern. https://bit.ly/3eoq9Us

WHO (2020b). WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19, 11 March 2020. https://bit.ly/2Vvg0wy

WHO (2020c). Disability considerations during the COVID-19 outbreak. https://www.who.int/who-documents-detail/disability-considerations-during-the-covid-19-outbreak

Wilkinson, David; Thelwall, Mike (2011). “Researching personal information on the public Web: Methods and ethics”. Social science computer review, v. 29, n. 4, pp. 387-401. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894439310378979

Descargas

Publicado

2020-04-14

Cómo citar

Thelwall, M., & Levitt, J. M. (2020). Retweeting Covid-19 disability issues: Risks, support and outrage. Profesional De La Información, 29(2). https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.mar.16

Número

Sección

Artículos de investigación Covid-19 / Covid-19 research articles

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.