Meloda 5: A metric to assess open data reusability

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2019.nov.20

Palabras clave:

Open data, Reusability, Meloda, Metric, Standardization, Geolocation, Dissemination, Reputation, Datafication, Value.

Resumen

An updated metric developed to assess the degree of open data reusability, called MEtric for the evaLuation of Open DAta: Meloda 5 is presented. Previous version of the metric, Meloda 4, had six dimensions: the legal licensing of data, the mechanisms to access the data, the technical standards of the datasets, the data model, the geographic content of the data and the updating frequency. With all these dimensions, the metric provides a quantitative evaluation about how reusable the datasets released are. During the last five years, this metric has been cited and used by some other authors but the extensive use of the metric has brought to light some of its limitations. In order to get deeper insights into the topic, a panel of international experts has been surveyed about two aspects of the metric. First aspect was what other factors should be considered in order to qualify the reusability of a released dataset. And the second aspect was the internal structure, the levels for every dimension of the metric; if they should be increased, merged, removed or divided. Considering the results of the survey, first, we identify the factors / dimensions that should be kept: legal licensing, access to information, technical standard, standardization, geolocation content and updating frequency of data. Second, we consider the inclusion of two new dimensions: dissemination and reputation. Then, we present the new internal structure, the levels for each dimension, and the measures to evaluate the degree of reuse of each dataset. Finally, a standardization of the metric for other steps of the data impact process, data reuse analytics and data-driven services generation are presented together with future research lines.

Biografía del autor/a

Alberto Abella, desideDatum Data Company

Alberto Abella is Telecomunication engineer and PhD in Economics and Business Administration Science. He is expert in open data and open government within public and private sector. He has published articles in impact journals as Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, Cities and El Profesional de la Información. He is an expert in the fields of open data and open government applied to the public and private sector. He is currently working on the development of open data policies and tools in desideDatum Data Company. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0243-4606. Adress: Infante Diego 1. 28050 Madrid. E-mail: alberto.abella@meloda.org 

Marta Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos

Marta Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado is PhD in Economics and Business Administration Science and associate professor at University Rey Juan Carlos. She has published articles in impact journals as Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, Government Information Quarterly, Cities, El Profesional de la Información, Journal of Technology Transfer and International Business Review. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7527-6798. Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Paseo de los Artilleros, s/n, 28032, Madrid. Email: marta.ortizdeurbina@urjc.es

Carmen De-Pablos-Heredero, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos

Carmen De-Pablos-Heredero is PhD in Economics and Business Administration Science, associate professor, Head of the Master Degree in Business Organization at University Rey Juan Carlos. She has published articles in impact journals as Agricultural Systems, Sustainability, Studies in Higher Education, Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, International Journal Environmental Research Public Health, Cities, Italian Journal of Animal Science and El Profesional de la Información. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0457-3730. Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Paseo de los Artilleros, s/n, 28032, Madrid. Email: carmen.depablos@urjc.es

Citas

Abella, Alberto; Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado, Marta; De-Pablos-Heredero, Carmen (2014). “Meloda, a metric to assess open data reuse”. El profesional de la información, v. 23, n. 6, pp. 582-588. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2014.nov.04

Abella, Alberto; Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado, Marta; De-Pablos-Heredero, Carmen (2015). “Information reuse in smart cities’ ecosystems”. El profesional de la información, v. 24, n. 6, pp. 838-844. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2015.nov.16

Abella, Alberto; Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado, Marta; De-Pablos-Heredero, Carmen (2017a). “A model for the analysis of data-driven innovation and value generation in smart cities’ ecosystems”. Cities, v. 64, pp. 47-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2017.01.011

Abella, Alberto; Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado, Marta; De-Pablos-Heredero, Carmen (2017b). La reutilización de datos abiertos: Una oportunidad para España. Informe elaborado como resultado del proyecto seleccionado dentro de la convocatoria 2016 del Programa de Innovación Abierta (PIA) de la Fundación Cotec para la Innovación. http://informecotec.es/media/INFORME_REUTILIZACION-DE-DATOS.pdf

Abella, Alberto; Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado, Marta; De-Pablos-Heredero, Carmen (2018). “Indicadores de calidad de los datos abiertos: el caso del portal de datos abiertos de Barcelona”. El profesional de la información, v. 27, n. 2, pp. 375-382. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2018.mar.16

Abella, Alberto; Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado, Marta; De-Pablos-Heredero, Carmen (2019). “The process of open data publication and reuse”. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, v. 70, n. 3, pp. 296-300. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.24116

Abella, Alberto; Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado, Marta; De-Pablos-Heredero, Carmen; Vidal-Cabo, Christian; Ferrer-Sapena, Antonia (2019). La reutilización de datos abiertos en España II. Report financed by desideDatum. https://www.desidedatum.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/La_reutilizacio%CC%81n_datos_abiertos_espan%CC%83a_2019.pdf

Carrara, Wendy; Chan, Wae-San; Fischer, Sander; Van-Steenbergen, Eva (2015). Creating value through open data: Study on the impact of re-use of public data resources. European Commission. https://www.europeandataportal.eu/sites/default/files/edp_creating_value_through_open_data_0.pdf

Carrasco, Carlos; Sobrepere, Xavier (2015). “Open government data: An assessment of the Spanish municipal situation”. Social science computer review, v. 33, n. 5, pp. 631-644. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894439314560678

Cecconi, Gianfranco; Radu, Cosmina (2018). Open data maturity in Europe. Report 2018. European Commission report. https://www.europeandataportal.eu/sites/default/files/edp_landscaping_insight_report_n4_2018.pdf

Chatfield, Akemi T.; Reddick, Christopher G. (2017). “A longitudinal cross-sector analysis of open data portal service capability: The case of Australian local governments”. Government information quarterly, v. 34, n. 2, pp. 231-243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2017.02.004

Cukier, Kenneth; Mayer-Schoenberger, Viktor (2013). “The rise of big data: How it’s changing the way we think about the world”. Foreign affairs, v. 92, n. 3, pp. 28-40. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23526834

Dekkers, Makx; Polman, Femke; TeVelde, Robbin; De-Vries, Marc (2006). Mepsir (Measuring European public sector information resources). Final report of study on exploitation of public sector information – benchmarking of EU framework conditions, Executive summary and Final report Part 1 and Part 2. https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/mepsir-measuring-european-public-sector-information-resources-final-report-study-exploitation-0

Eaves, David (2010). “The three laws of open government data”. Conference for Parliamentarians: Balancing openness and the public interest in protecting information. http://bit.ly/eaves2010

Faniel, Ixchel M.; Kriesberg, Adam; Yakel, Elisabeth (2016). “Social scientists’ satisfaction with data reuse”. Journal of the Association of Information Science Technology, v. 67, n. 6, pp. 1404-1416. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23480

Ferrer-Sapena, Antonia; Peset, Fernanda; Aleixandre-Benavent, Rafael (2011). “Acceso a los datos públicos y su reutilización: open data y open government”. El profesional de la información, v. 20, n. 3, pp. 260-269. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2011.may.03

Gértrudix, Manuel; Gertrudis-Casado, María-Carmen; Álvarez-García, Sergio (2016). “Consumption of public institutions’ open data by Spanish citizens”. El profesional de la información, v. 25, n. 4, pp. 535-544. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2016.jul.03

Hashem, Ibrahim-Abaker-Targio; Chang, Victor; Anuar, Nor-Badrul; Adewole, Kayode; Yaqoob, Ibrar; Gani, Abdullah; Ahmed, Ejaz; Chiroma, Haruna (2016). “The role of big data in smart city”. International journal of information management, v. 36, n. 5, pp. 748-758. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2016.05.002

Janssen, Marijn; Charalabidis, Yannis; Zuiderwijk, Anneke (2012). “Beliefs, adoption barriers and myths of open data and open government”. Information system management, v. 29, n. 4, pp. 258-268. https://doi.org/10.1080/10580530.2012.716740

Jetzek, Thorhildur; Avital, Michel; Björn-Andersen, Niels (2014). “Data-driven innovation through open government data”. Journal of theoretical and applied electronic commerce research, v. 9, n. 2, pp. 100-120. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-18762014000200008

Karasti, Helena; Baker, Karen S. (2008). “Digital data practices and the long term ecological research program growing global”. International journal of digital curation, v. 3, n. 2, pp. 42-58. https://doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v3i2.57

Kassen, Maxat (2013). “A promising phenomenon of open data: A case study of the Chicago open data project”. Government information quarterly, v. 30, n. 4, pp. 508-513. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2013.05.012

LaValle, Steve; Lesser, Eric; Shockley, Rebecca; Hopkins, Michael S.; Kruschwitz, Nina (2011). “Big data, analytics and the path from insights to value”. MIT Sloan management review, v. 52, n. 2, pp. 21-32. https://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/big-data-analytics-and-the-path-from-insights-to-value

Martínez-Méndez, Francisco-Javier; López-Carreño, Rosana; Pastor-Sánchez, Juan-Antonio (2014). “Open data en las administraciones públicas españolas: categorías temáticas y apps”. El profesional de la información, v. 23, n. 4, pp. 415-423. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2014.jul.10

Open data handbook (2017). http://opendatahandbook.org/guide/en/what-is-open-data

PIRA International (2000). Commercial exploitation of Europe’s public sector information. European Commission, Directorate General for the Information Society, Oct. PIRA, 2000. https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/commercial-exploitation-europes-public-sector-information-pira-study-full-report

Solar, Mauricio; Daniels, Fernando; López, Roberto; Meijueiro, Luis (2014). “A model to guide the open government data implementation in public agencies”. Journal of universal computer science, v. 20, n. 11, pp. 1564-1582. http://bit.ly/2ejRBmG

Spain (2007). “Ley 37/2007, de 16 de noviembre sobre reutilización de la información del sector público”. Boletín oficial del estado, n. 276, 17 de noviembre, pp. 47160-47165. http://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-2007-19814

Susha, Iryna; Grönlund, Åke; Janssen, Marijn (2015). “Driving factors of service innovation using open government data: An exploratory study of entrepreneurs in two countries”. Information polity, v. 20, n. 1, pp. 19-34. https://doi.org/10.3233/IP-150353

Vicente-Paños, Adrián; Jordán-Alfonso, Aurea (2017). “Acceso a la información pública y su reutilización en las comunidades autónomas: evaluación de la reutilización de datos abiertos”. El profesional de la información, v. 26, n. 3, pp. 381-391. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2017.may.04

Vickery, Graham (2011). Review of recent studies on PSI reuse and related market developments. Information Economics, Paris. https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/review-recent-studies-psi-reuse-and-related-market-developments

Yoon, Ayoung (2017). “Data reusers’ trust development”. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, v. 68, n. 4, pp. 946-956. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23730

Zhao, Mengnan; Yan, Erjia; Li, Kai (2018). “Data set mentions and citations: A content analysis of full-text publications”. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, v. 69, n. 1, pp. 32-46. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23919

Zimmerman, Ann S. (2008). “New knowledge from old data. The role of standards in the sharing and reuse of ecological data”. Science, technology, & human values, v. 33, n. 5, pp. 631-652. https://doi.org/10.1177/0162243907306704

Zuiderwijk, Anneke; Janssen, Marijn; Davis, Chis (2014). “Innovation with open data: Essential elements of open data ecosystems”. Information polity, v. 19, n. 1-2, pp. 17-33. https://doi.org/10.3233/IP-140329

Descargas

Publicado

2020-01-08

Cómo citar

Abella, A., Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado, M., & De-Pablos-Heredero, C. (2020). Meloda 5: A metric to assess open data reusability. Profesional De La Información, 28(6). https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2019.nov.20

Número

Sección

Artículos de investigación / Research articles

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.