Distancia tecnológica entre bases de conocimiento de las organizaciones socias y valor de la innovación conjunta en alianzas inter-organizativas. Estudio basado en patentes tecnológicas

Autores/as

  • Hugo-Ernesto Martínez Ardila Universidad Industrial de Santander http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6893-0819
  • Francy-Lorena Castro Corporación Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo del Sector Eléctrico
  • Mónica Chaparro Universidad Manuela Beltrán

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2019.nov.15

Palabras clave:

Capacidad de absorción de conocimiento, Alianzas, Distancia tecnológica, Valor de la innovación, Patentes, Citas, Ventaja tecnológica, Indicadores, Innovación, Conocimiento, Organizaciones.

Resumen

Este estudio examina la relación entre la distancia tecnológica (DT) y cuatro indicadores del valor de la innovación o nuevo conocimiento, posición relativa de la patente (RPP), ventaja tecnológica revelada (RTA), índice Herfindahl-Hirschman de Patentes (HHI) y las citas de la patente (PC), en alianzas inter-organizativas del sector de biotecnología. La investigación se desarrolló mediante el método de análisis de correspondencia múltiple. Los resultados confirman que la distancia tecnológica (DT) de los socios de la alianza no tiene relación con las citas de la patente (PC). Por otra parte, se estableció que hay una relación de la DT con la RTA, RPP y el HHI; sin embargo, se observó que la DT con la RPP guardan una fuerte relación lineal, mientras que la relación de DT con RTA y HHI, parece presentar una configuración de U invertida. De esta forma, la distancia tecnológica, medida entre las bases de conocimiento entre las organizaciones que forman la alianza se asocia de manera significativa al valor de la innovación.

Biografía del autor/a

Hugo-Ernesto Martínez Ardila, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Hugo Ernesto Martínez-Ardila es ingeniero electrónico por la Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS), Colombia, MSc en ingeniería (UIS), PhD en ingeniería área gestión y desarrollo tecnológico (UIS), investigador del Center for Technology and Innovation Management Research (Innotec). Exdirector de la Oficina de Transferencia de Resultados de Investigación Estratégica de Oriente (Colciencias), Cámara de Comercio de Bucaramanga. Actualmente es profesos en la Escuela de Estudios Industriales y Empresariales de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Sus intereses se centran en redes de innovación, gestión de la tecnología y transferencia tecnológica.
htp://orcid.org/0000-0001-6893-0819

Francy-Lorena Castro, Corporación Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo del Sector Eléctrico

Francy Lorena Castro. Ingeniera industrial por la Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS), MSc en ingeniería industrial (UIS), con experiencia en vigilancia y prospectiva tecnológica. Profesional del equipo del análisis prospectivo del departamento de Santander – Colombia: Santander 2030. Actualmente es coordinadora de iniciativas de articulación sectorial en la Corporación Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo del Sector Eléctrico CIDET. Asesora en el desarrollo de proyectos regionales de institucionales.

Mónica Chaparro, Universidad Manuela Beltrán

Mónica Chaparro. Ingeniera industrial con experiencia profesional en las áreas de dirección, producción y mercadeo. Estudios de Maestría en Ingeniería, área Industrial, sub-área de investigación Dirección y Gestión Organizacional. PhD(c) en Ingeniería, área de investigación en Gestión y Desarrollo Tecnológico. Actualmente es coordinadora del grupo GIGIA de la Universidad Manuela Beltrán (UMB). Experiencia Académica en: Investigación, dirección de semilleros de investigación, desarrollo de núcleos de investigación, docencia, investigación y docencia con población vulnerable, y en la elaboración de estándares de calidad.

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2020-01-09

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Martínez Ardila, H.-E., Castro, F.-L., & Chaparro, M. (2020). Distancia tecnológica entre bases de conocimiento de las organizaciones socias y valor de la innovación conjunta en alianzas inter-organizativas. Estudio basado en patentes tecnológicas. Profesional De La Información, 28(6). https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2019.nov.15

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