Twitter e información política en la prensa digital: la red social como fuente de declaraciones en la era Trump

Palabras clave: Periodismo, Información política, Comunicación política, Agenda, Medios de comunicación, Prensa digital, Fuentes de información, Redes sociales, Donald Trump, Twitter, The New York Times.


A través del análisis de contenido de una muestra de artículos de The New York Times publicados durante el primer año de legislatura del presidente de EUA, Donald Trump, la presente investigación cuantifica el número de veces que declaraciones realizadas a través de Twitter son utilizadas como fuente por los periodistas. Los resultados apuntan a que la red social se ha legitimado ya como fuente periodística en la prensa digital de referencia y de la información política, más allá de contextos electorales. El estudio contribuye a profundizar en los cambios que la red social ha introducido en el uso de fuentes periodísticas en el ámbito de las hard news.


Aparaschivei, Paul-Adrian (2011). “The use of new media in electoral campaigns: Analysis on the use of blogs, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube in the 2009 Romanian Presidential Campaign”. Journal of media research, v. 4, n. 2, pp. 39-60.

Aragón, Pablo; Kappler, Karolin-Eva; Kaltenbrunner, Andreas; Laniado, David; Volkovich, Yana (2013). “Communication dynamics in Twitter during political campaigns: The case of the 2011 Spanish national election”. Policy & internet, v. 5, n. 2, pp. 183-206.

Broersma, Marcel; Graham, Todd (2013). “Twitter as a news source: How Dutch and British newspapers used tweets in their news coverage, 2007-2011”. Journalism practice, v. 7, n. 4, pp. 446-464.

Chi, Feng; Yang, Nathan (2010). Twitter in congress: Outreach vs transparency. University of Toronto.

Deprez, Annelore; Van-Leuven, Sarah (2017). “About pseudo quarrels and trustworthiness”. Journalism studies, v. 19, n. 9, pp. 1257-1274.

Elena, Martín (2018). “Los medios sociales como fuente de información en conflictos internacionales. Al-Jazeera English, BBC y CNN en Egipto 2011, Ucrania 2013 y Venezuela 2017”. Trípodos, n. 43.

Elena, Martín; Tulloch, Christopher D. (2017). “Los social media como fuente de información en conflictos internacionales. Fuentes y praxis periodística en los informativos de la televisión de Cataluña durante la Primavera árabe egipcia”., n. 15, pp. 46-56.

Engesser, Sven; Humprecht, Edda (2015). “Frequency or skillfulness: How professional news media use Twitter in five Western countries”. Journalism studies, v. 16, n. 4, pp. 513-529.

English, Peter (2016). “Twitter’s diffusion in sports journalism: Role models, laggards and followers of the social media innovation”. New media & society, v. 18, n. 3, pp. 484-501.

Enli, Gunn (2017). “Twitter as arena for the authentic outsider: Exploring the social media campaigns of Trump and Clinton in the 2016 US presidential election”. European journal of communication, v. 32, n. 1, pp. 50-61.

Enli, Gunn; Naper, Anja (2016). “Social media incumbent advantage: Barack Obama’s and Mitt Romney’s tweets in the 2012 U.S. Presidental election campaign”. En: Bruns, Axel; Enli, Gunn; Skogerbø, Eli; Larsson, Anders-Olof; Christensen, Christian (eds.). The Routledge companion to social mdia and politics. New York: Routledge, pp. 364-377. ISBN: 978 1 138860766

Graham, Todd; Broersma, Marcel; Hazelhoff, Karin; Van’T-Haar, Guido (2013). “Between broadcasting political messages and interacting with voters: The use of Twitter during the 2010 UK general election campaign”. Information, communication & society, v. 16, n. 5, pp. 692-716.

Graham, Todd; Jackson, Dan; Broersma, Marcel (2016). “New platform, old habits? Candidates’ use of Twitter during the 2010 British and Dutch general election campaigns”. New media & society, v. 18, n. 5, pp. 765-783.

Heravi, Bahareh-Rahmanzadeh; Harrower, Natalie (2016). “Twitter journalism in Ireland: sourcing and trust in the age of social media”. Information, communication & society, v. 19, n. 9, pp. 1194-1213.

Hong, Sounman; Nadler, Daniel (2012). “Which candidates do the public discuss online in an election campaign?: The use of social media by 2012 presidential candidates and its impact on candidate salience”. Government information quarterly, v. 29, n. 4, pp. 455-461.

Jackson, Nigel; Lilleker, Darren (2011). “Microblogging, constituency service and impression management: UK MPs and the use of Twitter”. The journal of legislative studies, v. 17, n. 1, pp. 86-105.

Karlsen, Rune (2013). “Obama’s online success and European party organizations: Adoption and adaption of U.S. online practices in the Norwegian labor party”. Journal of information technology and politics, v. 10, n. 2, pp. 158-170.

Karlsson, Michael; Sjøvaag, Helle (2015) “Content analysis and online news: epistemologies of analysing the ephemeral Web”. Digital journalism, v. 4, n. 1, pp. 177-192.

Kreiss, Daniel; Jasinski, Christopher (2016). “The tech industry meets presidential politics: Explaining the democratic party’s technological advantage in electoral campaigning, 2004-2012”. Political communication, v. 33, n. 4, pp. 1-19.

Lecheler, Sophie; Kruikemeier, Sanne (2016). “Re-evaluating journalistic routines in a digital age: A review of research on the use of online sources”. New media & society, v. 18, n. 1, pp. 156-171.

López-Meri, Amparo; Marcos-García, Silvia; Casero-Ripollés, Andreu (2017). “What do politicians do on Twitter? Functions and communication strategies in the Spanish electoral campaign of 2016”. El profesional de la información, v. 26, n. 5, pp. 795-804.

Paulussen, Steve; Harder, Raymond A. (2014). “Social media references in newspapers: Facebook, Twitter and YouTube as sources in newspaper journalism”. Journalism practice, v. 8, n. 5, pp. 542-551.

Pérez-Soler, Susana; Micó, Josep-Lluís (2015). “El mito de la conversación global. Usos de Twitter en las redacciones periodísticas catalanas y belgas”. El profesional de la información, v. 24, n. 3, pp. 246-255.

Pew Research Center (2016). Election 2016: Campaigns as a direct source of news.

Quinlan, Stephen; Gummer, Tobias; Roßmann, Josh; Wolf, Christof (2018). “‘Show me the money and the party!’–variation in Facebook and Twitter adoption by politicians”. Information, communication & society, v. 21, n. 8, pp. 1031-1049.

Shapiro, Matthew A.; Hemphill, Libby (2017). “Politicians and the policy agenda: Does use of Twitter by the US Congress direct New York Times content?”. Policy & internet, v. 9, n. 1, pp. 109-132.

Widholm, Andreas (2016). “Tracing online news in motion: Time and duration in the study of liquid journalism”. Digital journalism, v. 4, n. 1, pp. 24-40.

Cómo citar
Justel-Vázquez, S., Fernández-Planells, A., Victoria-Mas, M., & Lacasa-Mas, I. (2018). Twitter e información política en la prensa digital: la red social como fuente de declaraciones en la era Trump. Profesional De La Información, 27(5), 984-993.
Artículos de investigación / Research articles


La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.