Monitoring compliance with governmental and institutional open access policies across Spanish universities



Palabras clave:

Open access, Compliance, Mandates, Monitoring open access policies, Potential open access, Spain, Universities, Science law.


Universities and research centers in Spain are subject to a national open access (OA) mandate and to their own OA institutional policies, if any, but compliance with these requirements has not been fully monitored yet. We studied the degree of OA archiving of publications of 28 universities within the period 2012-2014. Of these, 12 have an institutional OA mandate, 9 do not require but request or encourage OA of scholarly outputs, and 7 do not have a formal OA statement but are well known for their support of the OA movement. The potential OA rate was calculated according to the publisher open access policies indicated in Sherpa/Romeo directory. The universities showed an asymmetric distribution of 1% to 63% of articles archived in repositories that matched those indexed by the Web of Science in the same period, of which 1% to 35% were OA and the rest were closed access. For articles on work carried out with public funding and subject to the Spanish Science law, the percentage was similar or slightly higher. However, the analysis of potential OA showed that the figure could have reached 80% in some cases. This means that the real proportion of articles in OA is far below what it could potentially be.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Acceso Abierto (2016). Melibea.

Archambault, í‰ric; Amyot, Didier; Deschamps, Philipe; Nicol, Aurore; Rebout, Lise; Roberge, Guillaume (2013). Proportion of open access peer-reviewed papers at the European and world levels - 2004-2011. Report for the European Commission by Science Metrix.

Bartol, Tomaz; Budimir, Gordana; Dekleva-Smrekar, Doris; Pusnik, Miro; Juznic, Primoz (2014). "Assessment of research fields in Scopus and Web of Science in the view of national research evaluation in Slovenia". Scientometrics, v. 98, pp. 1491-1504.

Bielefeld University Library (2016a). Bielefeld academic search engine (BASE).

Bielefeld University Library (2016b). BASE interface guide - Version 1.10 (August 2016).

Bjí¶rk, Bo-Christer; Welling, Patrik; Laakso, Mikael; Majlender, Peter; Hedlund, Turid; Guí°nason, Guí°ni (2010). "Open access to the scientific journal literature: Situation 2009". PLoS one, v. 5, n. 6, pp. e11273.

BOAI (2002). Read the Budapest Open Access Initiative.

Borrego, Ángel (2016). "Measuring compliance with a Spanish government open access mandate". Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, v. 67, pp. 757-764.

Clarivate Analytics (2017). Web of Science Core Collection.

Chen, Xiaotian (2014). "Open access in 2013: reaching the 50% milestone". Serials review, v. 40, n. 1, pp. 21-27.

Eger, Thomas; Scheufen, Marc; Meierrieks, Daniel (2015). "The determinants of open access publishing: survey evidence from Germany". European journal of law and economics, v. 39, pp. 475-503.

España (2011). "Ley 14/2011, de 1 de junio, de la ciencia, la tecnologí­a y la innovación". BOE, n. 131, 2 junio.

European Commission (2011). Open access pilot in FP7.

European Commission (2016). H2020 Programme. Guidelines on open access to scientific publications and research data in Horizon 2020.

European Research Council (2007). ERC Scientific council guidelines for open access.

Fecyt (2014). Recommendations for the implementation of article 37 of the Spanish science, technology and innovation act: Open access dissemination.

Frass, Will; Cross, Jo; Gardner, Victoria (2014). Taylor & Francis. Open access survey June 2014.

Gutknecht, Christian; Graf, Regula; Kissling, Ingrid; Krí¤mer, Daniel; Milzow; Perini, Lionel; Wí¼rth, Stéphanie; Zimmermann, Thomas (2016). Open access to publications. SNSF monitoring report 2013-2015.

Harnard, Stevan (2015). "Optimizing open access policy". The serials librarian, v. 69, n. 2, pp. 133-141.

Harvard University (2008). Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences Open Access Policy.

Higher Education Funding Council for England (2014). Policy for open access in the post-2014 Research Excellence Framework: Updated July 2015.

Iuene (2016). Universities´ yearly scientific output per professor.

Jubb, Michael; Goldstein, Stephane; Amin, Mayur; Plume, Andrew; Aisati, M´Hamed; Oeben, Stephanie; Bath, Peter; Salter, Jennifer; Johnson, Rob; Fosci, Mattia (2015). Monitoring the transition to open access: A report for Universities UK.

Khabsa, Madian; Giles, C. Lee (2014). "The number of scholarly documents on the public Web". PLoS one, v. 9, n. 5, pp. e93949.

López-Illescas, Carmen; De-Moya-Anegón, Félix; Moed, Henk F. (2008). "Coverage and citation impact of oncological journals in the Web of Science and Scopus". Journal of informetrics, v. 2, pp. 304-316.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2009). MIT Faculty open access policy.

Mineco (2013). Plan estatal de investigación cientí­fica, técnica y de innovación 2013-2016.

Mineco (2017). Plan estatal de investigación cientí­fica, técnica y de innovación 2017-2020.

NIH (2008). NIH public access policy details. National Institutes of Health.

NSF (2015). Today´s data, tomorrow´s discoveries. Increasing access to the results of research funded by the National Science Foundation.

Open access at the Max Planck Society (2003). Berlin declaration on open access to knowledge in the sciences and humanities.

OpenAIRE (2015). OpenAIRE guidelines for literature repositories.

OpenAIRE (2016a). FP7 statistics.

OpenAIRE (2016b). EGI - European Grid Initiative.

Picarra, Mafalda (2015). Monitoring compliance with open access policies.

Research Councils UK (2014). RCUK policy on open access.

Ribeiro, Lí­gia; De-Castro, Pablo; Mennielli, Michele (2016). Final report: Eunis - Eurocris joint survey on CRIS and IR. ERAI (Eunis Research and Analysis Initiative).

Ruiz-Pérez, Rafael; Delgado-López-Cózar, Emilio (2013). "Internacionalización de la Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria de Medline a Web of Science". Revista española de sanidad penitenciaria, v. 15, n. 2, pp. 39-43.

Ruiz-Pérez, Rafael; Delgado-López-Cózar, Emilio; Jiménez-Contreras, Evaristo (2006). "Criterios del Institute for Scientific Information para la selección de revistas cientí­ficas. Su aplicación a las revistas españolas: Metodologí­a e indicadores". International journal of clinical and health psychology, v. 6, n. 2, pp. 401-424.

Sale, Arthur (2006). The acquisition of open access research articles.

Sherpa/Romeo (2016a). RoMEO colours.

Sherpa/Romeo (2016b). Application programmers´ interface.

Shieber, Stuart; Suber, Peter (2015). Good practices for university open-access policies.

Spezi, Valérie; Fry, Jenny; Creaser, Claire; Probets, Steve; White, Sonya (2013). "Researchers´ green open access practice: A cross disciplinary analysis". Journal of documentation, v. 69, n. 3, pp. 334-359.

Suber, Peter (2004). Open access overview.

Surfnet (2013). info-eu-repo - Standards - Collaboration Infrastructure Wiki.

Swan, Alma; Gargouri, Yassine; Hunt, Megan; Harnad, Stevan (2015). Open access oolicy: Numbers, analysis, effectiveness. Pasteur4OA Work Package 3 report: Open Access policies.

Universidade do Minho (2005). Politica de auto-arquivo de publicaí§íµes.

University of Liège (2007). "Open Access": mise en oeuvre au sein de l´Université de Liège.

Wellcome Trust (2005). Open access policy.




Cómo citar

Melero, R., Melero-Fuentes, D., & Rodrí­guez-Gairí­n, J.-M. (2018). Monitoring compliance with governmental and institutional open access policies across Spanish universities. Profesional De La información Information Professional, 27(4), 858–878.



Artí­culos de investigación / Research articles