ChatGPT could be the reviewer of your next scientific paper. Evidence on the limits of AI-assisted academic reviews


  • David Carabantes Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • José L. González-Geraldo Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
  • Gonzalo Jover Universidad Complutense de Madrid


Palabras clave:

Artificial intelligence, AI, Generative artificial intelligence, Contextual window, ChatGPT, ChatPDF, Bing, AI-assisted review, Peer review, Academic review, Academic publication, Scientific communication


The irruption of artificial intelligence (AI) in all areas of our lives is a reality to which the university, as an institution of higher education, must respond prudently, but also with no hesitation. This paper discusses the potential that resources based on AI presents as potential reviewers of scientific articles in a hypothetical peer review of already published articles. Using different models (GPT-3.5 and GPT-4) and platforms (ChatPDF and Bing), we obtained three full reviews, both qualitative and quantitative, for each of the five articles examined, thus being able to delineate and contrast the results of all of them in terms of the human reviews that these same articles received at the time. The evidence found highlights the extent to which we can and should rely on generative language models to support our decisions as qualified experts in our field. Furthermore, the results also corroborate the hallucinations inherent in these models while pointing out one of their current major shortcomings: the context window limit. On the other hand, the study also points out the inherent benefits of a model that is in a clear expansion phase, providing a detailed view of the potential and limitations that these models offer as possible assistants to the review of scientific articles, a key process in the communication and dissemination of academic research.


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Cómo citar

Carabantes, D., González-Geraldo, J. L., & Jover, G. (2023). ChatGPT could be the reviewer of your next scientific paper. Evidence on the limits of AI-assisted academic reviews. Profesional De La información, 32(5).



Artificial Intelligence