Disinformation narratives in Spain: reach, impact and spreading patterns


  • Jaume Suau Universitat Ramon Llull
  • David Puertas-Graell Universitat Ramon Llull



Palabras clave:

Disinformation, Narratives, Reach, Impact, Surveys, Research, Spreading, Dissemination, Trust, Misleading, Information disorders, Fact checking, Fact checkers


We present data from a survey conducted in Spain (N = 1003) in March 2022. We analysed fact-checker activity to obtain daily information regarding disinformation content encountered in the three weeks before the survey was launched. The research team analysed the material found to identify content that was related or that belonged to similar narratives. The goal was to identify the key disinformation narratives that were spreading before the survey, rather than just isolated content, to test the reach and impact of disinformation narratives, as well as spreading patterns, through survey research. Results point towards the fact that disinformation narratives were spread among a majority of respondents, with TV and social media being the main media responsible for spreading them. In addition, those that received the narratives before were more likely to believe them, indicating the disinformation narratives’ potential high impact. 


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Cómo citar

Suau, J., & Puertas-Graell, D. (2023). Disinformation narratives in Spain: reach, impact and spreading patterns. Profesional De La información, 32(5). https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2023.sep.08



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