Feminism as a polarizing axis of the political conversation on Twitter: the case of #IreneMonteroDimision




Palabras clave:

Polarization, Gender, Misogyny, Hate speech, Social networks, Social media, Women, Politicians, Political polarization, Public image, Astroturfing, Feminism, Antifeminism, Bots, Hashtags, Twitter


The fragmentation of the Spanish party system has led to a growing political polarization, particularly evident on the Internet. The discursive strategies of political actors online, combined with the particularities of communication on social media platforms such as the disinhibition effect, echo chambers, and filter bubbles, are likely to promote a state of tension among digital citizens. This tension is particularly pronounced in gender issues, which have become key positions of political parties, with convergence of sexism in the community and a highly reactive misogynistic online culture that turns female politicians into easy targets. Starting from the hashtag #IreneMonteroDimision, which conveys a paradigmatic criticism movement against the Spanish Minister of Equality, an analysis of the social conversation on Twitter is developed to determine its intentionality, tone, and orientation, as well as the themes and users that generated the most tension. In this way, multimodal content and discourse analysis is applied to the 418 tweets with the greatest interaction and explicitly directed at the minister. The hypothesis is that the criticism of Irene Montero goes beyond the management of her Ministry to place her at the center of a power struggle in which political ideology, hate speech, and antifeminism converge. The study has shown that attacks on Montero extend to the Executive and the feminist movement; they are promoted by a mass of politicized and polarized profiles, with constant activism and a tendency towards contagious replication of messages. These practices, as well as the participation of artificial profiles, allow us to appreciate signs of astroturfing; behind this seemingly natural critical reaction, there are orchestrated movements of antifeminist and far-right profiles (gender trolling), but also of trans-exclusionary feminists opposed to legislation promoted by Montero.


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Cómo citar

Durántez-Stolle, P., Martí­nez Sanz, R., Piñeiro Otero, T., & Gómez-Garcí­a, S. (2023). Feminism as a polarizing axis of the political conversation on Twitter: the case of #IreneMonteroDimision. Profesional De La información, 32(6). https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2023.nov.07



Artí­culos de investigación / Research articles