Tweeting about abusive comments and misogyny in South Korea following the suicide of Sulli, a female K-pop star: Social and semantic network analyses

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2021.sep.05

Palabras clave:

Celebrity bashing, Misogyny, Twitter, Social media, Social network analysis, Semantic network analysis, South korea

Resumen

This study examined the development of the public discussion on Twitter about the abusive comments specific to misogynistic discourse after the suicide of Sulli, a female celebrity in South Korea. Both the pattern of social networking between the users and the semantic representations of user responses were analyzed from a social network perspective using a large-scale Twitter dataset. A total of 37,101 tweets generated by 25,258 users were collected and analyzed. The findings of the network analysis suggest that hubs and authorities on Twitter were closely connected to each other and contributed to promoting the public discussion about abusive comments in response to her death. The results of the semantic network analysis suggested that her death, presumably due in part to continuous hateful comments from trolls, evoked an open discussion about the deeply rooted abusive comments and misogyny that are prevalent in South Korea. Users perceived that sensational news coverage about celebrities and unethical journalistic practices led to abusive comments and her death. The users shared their observations that gendered hate speech contributed to Sulli’s bullying. Dominant words that referred to Sulli’s sexual harassment show the ways in which haters had bullied her, as well as the criticism of online harassment. The results imply that the issue of online misogyny was closely associated with abusive comments in the public consciousness. This study verified the role of celebrities in increasing awareness about social issues and word-of-mouth dissemination even after a death. This study also offers methodological insights by demonstrating how social network analysis can be used to analyze public discussion using big data.

Citas

Ahn, Sang-su; Kim, In-soon; Lee, Jung-hyun; Yun, Bora (2015). Basic research on Korean Men’s life (II): Focus on the conflict in values of young men concerning gender equality, 30. Seoul: Korean Women’s Development Institute. https://eng.kwdi.re.kr/publications/researchView.do?p=16&idx=100442

Backe, Emma-Louise; Lilleston, Pamela; McCleary-Sills, Jennifer (2018). “Networked individuals, gendered violence: A literature review of cyberviolence”. Violence and gender, v. 5, n. 3, pp. 135-146. https://doi.org/10.1089/vio.2017.0056

Batjargal Bat (2007). “Network triads: Transitivity, referral and venture capital decisions in China and Russia”. Journal of international business studies, v. 38, pp. 998-1012. https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8400302

Blondel, Vincent D.; Guillaume, Jean-Loup; Lambiotte, Renaud; Lefebvre, Renaud (2008). “Fast unfolding of communities in large networks”. Journal of statistical mechanics: theory and experiment, P1008. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-5468/2008/10/P10008

Doerfel, Marya L.; Barnett, George A. (2006). “A semantic network analysis of the International Communication Association”. Human communication research, v. 25, n. 4, pp. 589-603. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2958.1999.tb00463.x

Eddington, Sean M. (2020). “Alt-resilience: a semantic network analysis of identity (re)construction in an online men’s rights community”. Journal of applied communication research, v. 48, n. 1, 114-135. https://doi.org/10.1080/00909882.2019.1706099

Felmlee, Diane; Rodis, Paulina-Inara; Zhang, Amy (2020). “Sexist slurs: reinforcing feminine stereotypes online”. Sex roles, v. 83, n. 1, pp. 16-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-019-01095-z

Ging, Debbie; Siapera, Eugenia (2018). “Special issue on online misogyny”. Feminist media studies, v. 18, n. 4, pp. 515-524. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2018.1447345

Hinduja, Sameer; Patchin, Justin W. (2010). “Bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide”. Archives of suicide research, v. 14, n. 3, pp. 206-221. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2010.494133

Hoffner, Cynthia A. (2020). “Sharing on social network sites following Carrie Fisher’s death: Responses to her mental health advocacy”. Health communication, v. 35, n. 12. https://doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2019.1652383

Jiang, Bin; Wang, Lei; Yang, Chao; Li, Renfa (2015). “Mining multiplex power-law distributions and retweeting patterns on Twitter”. In: 2015 12th International conference on fuzzy systems and knowledge discovery (FSKD). IEEE, pp. 1437-1443. https://doi.org/10.1109/FSKD.2015.7382155

Johansson, Sofia (2008). “Gossip, sport and pretty girls: What does “trivial” journalism mean to tabloid newspaper readers?”. Journalism practice, v. 2, n. 3, pp. 402-413. https://doi.org/10.1080/17512780802281131

Kim, Jinsook (2018). “Misogyny for male solidarity: Online hate discourse against women in South Korea.” In: Vickery, R. Jacqueline; Everbach, Tracy (eds.). Mediating misogyny. Gender, technology and harassment. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham: Switzerland, p. 151-169. ISBN: 978 3 319 72917 6

Kim, Jinsook (2017). “#Iamafeminist as the ‘mother tag’: Feminist identification and activism against misogyny on Twitter in South Korea”. Feminist media studies, v. 17, n. 5, pp. 804-820. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2017.1283343

Kleinberg, Jon M. (1999). “Hubs, authorities, and communities”. ACM computing surveys (CSUR), v. 31, n. 4es, pp. 5-es. https://doi.org/10.1145/345966.345982

Lawson, Caitlin E. (2018). “Platform vulnerabilities: harassment and misogynoir in the digital attack on Leslie Jones”. Information, communication & society, v. 21, n. 6, pp. 818-833. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2018.1437203

Moloney, Mairead-Eastin; Love, Tony P. (2018). “Assessing online misogyny: Perspectives from sociology and feminist media studies”. Sociology compass, v. 12, e12577. https://doi.org/10.1111/soc4.12577

Omar, Aref (2019). “#Showbiz: Police confirm Sulli’s death not homicide, stern action against cyber-bullying”. New straits times, 16 October. https://www.nst.com.my/lifestyle/groove/2019/10/530492/showbiz-police-confirm-sullis-death-not-homicide-stern-action

Ouvrein, Gaëlle; Pabian, Sara; Machimbarrena, Juan-Manuel; Erreygers, Sara; De-Backer, Charlotte J. S.; Vandebosch, Heidi (2019). “Setting a bad example: Peer, parental, and celebrity norms predict celebrity bashing”. The journal of early adolescence, v. 39, n. 7, pp. 937-961. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431618797010

Park, Ahran; Yang, Jeongae (2016). “Awareness of hate speech and misogyny”. Media issue, v. 2, n. 7. https://www.kpf.or.kr/front/research/issueDetail.do

Park, Han Woo; Park, Sejung; Chong, Miyoung (2020). “Conversations and medical news frames on Twitter: Infodemiological study on covid-19 in South Korea”. Journal of medical internet research, v. 22, n. 5, e18897. https://doi.org/10.2196/18897

Park, Sejung (2019). “We love or hate when celebrities speak up about climate change: receptivity to celebrity involvement in environmental campaigns”. Journal of contemporary Eastern Asia, v. 18, n. 1, pp. 175-188. https://doi.org/10.17477/jcea.2019.18.1.175

Park, Sejung; Hoffner, Cynthia A. (2020). “Tweeting about mental health to honor Carrie Fisher: how# InHonorOfCarrie reinforced the social influence of celebrity advocacy”. Computers in human behavior, v. 110, 106353. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106353

Park, Sejung; Park, Ji-Young; Lim, Yon-Soo; Park, Han Woo (2016). “Expanding the presidential debate by tweeting: The 2012 presidential election debate in South Korea”. Telematics and informatics, v. 33, n. 2, pp. 557-569. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2015.08.004

Smith, Marc; Milic-Frayling, Natasa; Shneiderman, Ben; Mendes-Rodrigues, Eduarda; Leskovec, Jure; Dunne, Cody (2010). NodeXL: a free and open network overview, discovery and exploration add-in for Excel 2007/2010, the Social Media Research Foundation. https://www.smrfoundation.org

Song, Jee-Eun-Regina (2014). “The soybean paste girl: The cultural and gender politics of coffee consumption in contemporary South Korea”. Journal of Korean studies, v. 19, n. 2, pp. 429-448. https://doi.org/10.1353/jks.2014.0026

Van-den-Bulck, Hilde; Claessens, Nathalie; Bels, Annebeth (2014). “‘By working she means tweeting’: online celebrity gossip media and audience readings of celebrity Twitter behaviour”. Journalism, v. 5, n. 4, pp. 514-517. https://doi.org/10.1080/19392397.2014.980655

Yun, Bora (2013). “Ilbe and misogyny: Ilbe is everywhere and nowhere”. The radical review, v. 57, pp. 33-56. https://www.dbpia.co.kr/journal/articleDetail?nodeId=NODE02237684

Publicado

2021-09-09

Cómo citar

Park, S., & Kim, J. (2021). Tweeting about abusive comments and misogyny in South Korea following the suicide of Sulli, a female K-pop star: Social and semantic network analyses. Profesional De La Información, 30(5). https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2021.sep.05

Número

Sección

Artículos de investigación / Research articles

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.