Reframing (inner) terror: A digital discourse-based approach to evidential repositioning of reader reactions towards visual reframing



Palabras clave:

Visual framing, Framing, Visual evidentiality, Evidential positioning, Reader reaction, Digital discourse, Terrorism


The present article claims that the British public opinion´s repositioning towards inner terror after the 2017 Westminster attacks was (i) affected by the visual reframing of an original viral press photograph of the attacks targeting a Muslim passerby as an inner terrorist and (ii) linguistically expressed through the use of "˜look´ object-oriented visual markers of evidentiality in written digital discourse. To support this claim, British readers´ commentaries on a selection of online opinion articles reframing inner terror into terror through the use of reframed press photographs will be taken as the corpus of analysis. The ultimate aim of the article is to unveil the British readers´ reactions to the reframed photographs of the attacks as linguistically expressed through their use of "˜look´ object-oriented repositioning strategies of visual evidentiality in order to analyse the repositioning process.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Ahmad, Dayang A.; Ashari, Noratikah M.; Samani, Mus C. (2017). "Effect of rational and emotional framing on highly involved audience in severe crisis situation: An experimental study on MH370". Jurnal komunikasi: Malaysian journal of communication, v. 33, n. 2, pp. 89-104.

Amadeo, Belén (2002). "La teorí­a del framing. Los medios de comunicación y la transmisión de significados". Revista de comunicación, v. 1, pp. 6-32.

Arjan, Wardekker; Lorenz, Susanne (2019). "The visual framing of climate change impacts and adaptation in the IPCC assessment reports climatic change". Climatic change, v. 156, pp. 273-292.

Arpan, Laura M.; Baker, Kaysee; Lee, Youngwon; Jung, Taejin; Lorusso, Lori; Smith, Jason (2006). "News coverage of social protests and the effects of photographs and prior attitudes". Mass communication and society, v. 9, n. 1, pp. 1-20.

Bader, Dina (2019). "Picturing female circumcision and female genital cosmetic surgery: A visual framing analysis of Swiss newspapers, 1983-2015". Feminist media studies, v. 19, n. 8, pp. 1159-1177.

Bateson, Gregory (1972/1998). "Una teorí­a del juego y de la fantasí­a". En: Bateson, Gregory: Pasos hacia una ecologí­a de la mente. Una aproximación revolucionaria a la autocomprensión del hombre. Buenos Aires: Lohlé-Lumen. ISBN: 978 950 724 700-2

Batson, C. Daniel (2011). Altruism in humans. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978 0 195341065

Berkhout, Frans; Van-den-Hurk, Bart; Bessembinder, Janette; De-Boer, Joop; Bregman, Bram; Van-Drunen, Michiel (2014). "Framing climate uncertainty: socio-economic and climate scenarios in vulnerability and adaptation assessments". Regional environmental change, v. 14, pp. 879-893.

Borah, Porismita (2009). "Comparing visual framing in newspapers: Hurricane Katrina versus tsunami". Newspaper research journal, v. 30, n. 1, pp. 50.

Bowe, Brian J.; Gosen, Joe; Fahmy, Shahira (2019). "Personal choice or political provocation: Examining the visual framing and stereotyping of the burkini debate". Journalism & mass communication quarterly, v. 96, n. 4, pp. 1076-1098.

Brantner, Cornelia; Lobinger, Katharina; Wetzstein, lrmgard (2011). "Effects of visual framing on emotional responses and evaluations of news stories about the Gaza Conflict 2009". Journalism & mass communication quarterly, v. 88, n. 3, pp. 523-540.

Cesari, Jocelyn (2004). When Islam and democracy meet: Muslims in Europe and in the United States. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 978 1 4039 7856 1

Coleman, Renita; Banning, Stephen (2006). "Network TV news´ affective framing of the presidential candidates: Evidence for a second-level agenda-setting effect through visual framing". Journalism & mass communication quarterly, v. 83, n. 2, pp. 313-328.

Dastgeer, Shugofa; Gade, Peter J. (2016). "Visual framing of Muslim women in the Arab Spring: Prominent, active, and visible". International communication gazette, v. 78, n. 5, pp. 432 450.

De-Vreese, Claes. H. (2003). Framing Europe. Television news and European integration. Amsterdam: Aksant. ISBN: 90 5260 080

Domí­nguez-Romero, Elena (2016). "Object-oriented perception: towards a contrastive approach to evidentiality in media discourse". Kalbotyra, v. 69, pp. 82-104.

Domí­nguez-Romero, Elena (2018) "Percepción evidencial y conocimiento: Un estudio sobre la reacción de la opinión pública ante la publicación de imágenes controvertidas". En: González Peláez, M. Discursos persuasivos comunicativos. Madrid: Tecnos. ISBN: 978 84 309 7375 0

Domí­nguez-Romero, Elena (2019). "Newspaper readers´ use of visual, conceptual and social communication". Comunicación periodí­stica ante los nuevos retos. Madrid: Gedisa. ISBN: 978 84 17690 00 7

Domí­nguez-Romero, Elena (2020). "Digital newspaper readers´ use of visual evidential positioning strategies towards immigration". En: Belda-Medina, J. R.; Casañ-Pitarach, R. Análisis del discurso en la era digital: Una recopilación de casos de estudio. Granada: Comares. ISBN: 978 84 9045 999 7

Domí­nguez-Romero, Elena; Martí­n-de-la-Rosa, Victoria (2017). "Experimental and cognitive "˜see/ver´ domain overlap in English and Spanish journalistic discourse". In: Marí­n-Arrese, Juana I. et al., Evidentiality and modality in European languages. Bern: Peter Lang.

Domke, David; Perlmutter, David D.; Spratt, Meg (2002). "The primes of our times? An examination of the "˜power´ of visual images". Journalism, v. 3, n. 2, pp. 131-159.

Doyle, Julie (2007). "Picturing the clima(c)tic: Greenpeace and the representational politics of climate change communication". Science as culture, v. 16, n. 2, pp. 129-150.

Dundes, Alan (1972). "Seeing is believing". Natural history, v. 81, pp. 8-12.

Entman, Robert M. (1991). "Framing U.S. coverage of international news: contrasts in narratives of the KAL and Iran Air incidents". Journal of communication, v. 41, n. 4, pp. 6-27.

Entman, Robert M. (1993). "Framing: Toward a clarification of a fractured paradigm". Journal of communication, v. 43, n. 3, p. 51-58.

Entman, Robert M. (2007). "Framing bias: Media in the distribution of power". Journal of communication, n. 57, v. 1, pp. 163-173.

Fahmy, Shahira (2006). "Picturing Afghan women. A content analysis of AP wire photographs during the Taliban Regime and after the fall of the Taliban Regime". Gazette: The international journal for communication studies, v. 66, n. 2, pp. 91-112.

Fahmy, Shahira (2010). "Contrasting visual frames of our times: A framing analysis of English-and Arabic-language press coverage of war and terrorism". International communication gazette, v. 72, n. 8, pp. 695-717.

Fahmy, Shahira; Alkazemi, Mariam (2017). "Visuality/visualization". In: Roessler, Patrick Wiley-ICA International encyclopedia of communication series: International encyclopedia of media effects. New York, NY: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN: 978 1 118 78404 4

Fahmy, Shahira; Bock, Mary A.; Wanta, Wayne (2014). Visual communication theory and research: A mass communication perspective. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 978 1 137 36215 5

Fahmy, Shahira; Kelly, James; Kim, Yung-Soo (2007). "What Katrina revealed: A visual analysis of the hurricane coverage by news wires and US newspapers". Journalism & mass communication quarterly, v. 84, n. 3, pp. 546-561.

Fahmy, Shahira; Kim, Daekyung (2008). "Picturing the Iraq war constructing the image of war in the British and US press". International communication gazette, v. 70, n. 6, pp. 443-462.

Fí¼nfgeld, Hartmut; McEvoy, Darryn (2011). Framing climate change adaptation in policy and practice. Victorian Centre for Climate Change Adaptation Research: Melbourne.

Gallup, Gordon G.; Cameron, Patricia A. (1992). "Modality specific metaphors: Is our mental machinery "˜colored´ by a visual bias?". Metaphor and symbolic activity, v. 7, n. 2, pp. 93-98.

Gamerschlag, Thomas; Petersen, Wiebke (2012). "An analysis of the evidential use of German perception verbs". Selected papers from UK-CLA meetings, v. 1, 18 pp.

Gamson, William A.; Modigliani, Andre (1987). "The changing culture of affirmative action". In: Braungart, Richard G.; Braungart, Margaret M. Research in political sociology. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press. ISBN: 978 0 202304762

Gamson, William A.; Modigliani, Andre (1989). "Media discourse and public opinion on nuclear power: a constructionist approach". The American journal of sociology, v. 95, v. 1, pp. 1-37.

Gilbert, Paul (2009). "Introducing compassion focused therapy". Advances in psychiatric treatment, v. 15, pp. 199-208.

Gitlin, Todd (1980). The whole world is watching. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. ISBN: 978 0 520239326

Goffman, Erving (1974/2006). Frame analysis. Los marcos de la experiencia. Madrid: CIS. ISBN: 84 7476 411 4

Grabe, Maria-Elizabeth; Page-Bucy, Erik (2009). Image bite politics: News and the visual framing of elections. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978 0 195372076

Griffin, Michael (2004). "Picturing America´s "˜war on terrorism´ in Afghanistan and Iraq: Photographic motifs as news frames". Journalism, v. 5, pp. 381-402.

Handelman, Don (2008). "Afterword: Returning to cosmology - Thoughts on the positioning of belief". Social analysis, v. 52, n. 1, pp. 181-195.

Hanegreefs, Hilde (2008). Los verbos de percepción visual. Un análisis de corpus en un marco cognitivo. Leuven: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Hansen, Lene (2011). "Theorizing the image for security studies: Visual securitization and the Muhammad cartoon crisis". European journal of international relations, v. 17, v. 1, pp. 51-74.

Hansen, Lene (2015). "How images make world politics: International icons and the case of Abu Ghraib". Review of international studies, v. 41, n. 2, pp. 263-288.

Harm, Volker (2000). Regularití¤ten des semantischen Wandels bei Wahrnehmungsverben des Deutschen. Stuttgart: Steiner.

Harré, Rom (2012). "Positioning theory: moral dimensions of social-cultural psychology". In: Valsiner, J. The Oxford handbook of culture and psychology. New York: Oxford University.

Harré, Rom; Moghaddam, Fathali M.; Pilkerton-Cairnie, Tracey; Rothbart, Daniel; Sabat, Steven R. (2009). "Recent advances in positioning theory". Theory and psychology, v. 19, n. 1, pp. 5-31.

Henriksen, Mads G.; Nilsson, Lars S. (2017). "Intersubjectivity and psychopathology in the schizophrenia spectrum: complicated we, compensatory strategies, and selfdisorders". Psychopathology, v. 50, n. 5, pp. 321-333.

Heuer, Chelsea; McClure, Kimberly; Puhl, Rebecca (2011). "Obesity stigma in online news: a visual content analysis". Journal of health communication, v. 16, n. 9, pp. 976-987.

Ibarretxe-Antuñano, Iraide (2002). "Mind as body as a cross-linguistic conceptual metaphor". Miscelánea. A journal of English and American studies, v. 25, pp. 93-119.

Iyengar, Shanto (1991). Is anyone responsible? How television frames political issues. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN: 978 0 226388557

Jenks, Chris (1995). Visual culture. London UK: Routledge.

Kasim, Azahar; Ismail, Adibah; Wahab, Sazali A. (2018). "Framing strategic news from the perspective of media organizations in Malaysia". Jurnal komunikasi: Malaysian journal of communication, v. 34, n. 1, pp. 330-344.

Kress, Gunther (2010). Multimodality: A social semiotic approach to contemporary communication. London: Routledge. ISBN: 978 0 415 32061 0

Leiserowitz, Anthony (2006). "Climate change risk perception and policy preferences: the role of affect, imagery, and values". Climate change, v. 77, pp. 45-72.

Levin, Beth (1993). English verb classes and alterations. Chicago: Chicago University Press. ISBN: 978 0 226475332

Lien, Chinfa (2005). "Verbs of visual perception in Taiwanese Southern Min: A cognitive approach shift of semantic domains". Language and linguistics, v. 6, n. 1, pp. 109-132.

López-Del-Ramo, Joaquí­n; Humanes, Marí­a-Luisa (2016). "Análisis de contenido de la representación fotográfica de la crisis de los refugiados sirios y su incidencia en el framing visual". Scire, v. 22, n. 2, pp. 87-97.

Lorenz, Susanne; Dessai, Suraje; Forster, Piers M.; Paavola, Jouni (2015). "Tailoring the visual communication of climate projections for local adaptation practitioners in Germany and the UK". Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society A, v. 373, art. 20140457.

Makhortykh, Mykola; Sydorova, Maryna (2017). "Social media and visual framing of the conflict in Eastern Ukraine". Media, war & conflict, v. 10, n. 3, pp. 359-381.

Manns, Frédéric (1983). "En marge des récits de la résurrection dans l´évangile de Jean: le verbe voir". Revue des sciences religieuses, v. 57, n. 1, pp. 10-28.

Manzo, Kate (2010). "Beyond polar bears? Reenvisioning climate change". Meteorological applications, v. 17, n. 2, pp. 196-208.

Matthes, Jí¶rg; Kohring, Matthias (2008). "The content analysis of media frames: toward improving reliability and validity". Journal of communication, v. 58, pp. 258-279.

May, Joshua (2017). "Empathy and intersubjectivity". In: Maibom, H. The Routledge handbook of philosophy of empathy. London: Taylor & Francis.

McCombs, Maxwell; Ghanem, Salma I. (2001). "The convergence of agenda setting and framing". In: Reese, Stephen D.; Gandy, Oscar H.; Grant, August E. Framing public life. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum. ISBN: 1 4106 0568 X

McGhee, Derek (2005). Intolerant Britain? Hate, citizenship and difference. Maidenhead: Open University Press. ISBN: 10 0 335 21674 9

Messaris, Paul; Abraham, Linus (2001). "The role of images in framing news stories". In: Reese, Stephen; Gandy, Oscar H.; Grant, August E. Framing public life. Perspectives on media and our understanding of the social world. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. ISBN: 1 4106 0568 X

Mitchell, Thomas W. J. (2005). "There are no visual media". Journal of visual culture, v. 4, n. 2, pp. 257-266.

Moghaddam, Fathali; Harré, Rom (2010). "Words, conflicts and political processes". In: Moghaddam, F.; Harré, R. Words of conflict, words of war: How the language we use in political processes sparks fighting. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Mohammed, Fadel A.; Peng-Kee, Chang; Mohamad, Emma; Arabi-Idid, Syed (2019). "Framing the first Palestinian general elections by Malaysia´s New Straits Times". Jurnal Komunikasi: Malaysian Journal of Communication, v. 35, n. 2, pp. 143-160.

Mokhtar, Aida (2018). "The television advertising framework in Malaysia and the salience of ideals for Malay Muslims and Malaysians: A framing perspective for nation building". Jurnal komunikasi: Malaysian journal of communication, v. 34, n. 3, pp. 150-176.

Moriarty, Sandra; Shaw, David (1995). "An antiseptic war: Were news magazine images of the Gulf War too soft?". Visual communication quarterly, v. 2, n. 2, pp. 4-11.

Muñiz-Muriel, Carlos; Igartua, Juan-José; De-la-Fuente-Juan, Montse; Otero-Parra, José-Antonio (2008). "Imágenes periodí­sticas de la inmigración. Aportaciones metodológicas al estudio de la comunicación visual". Anàlisi. Quaderns de comunicació i cultura, v. 37, pp. 31-48.

Nisbet, Matthew C. (2009). "Communicating climate change: Why frames matter for public engagement". Environment, v. 51, n. 2, pp. 12-23.

O´Neill, Saffron J.; Smith, Nicholas (2014). "Climate change and visual imagery". WIREs climate change, v. 5, n. 1, pp. 73-87.

O´Neill, Saffron J. ; Williams, Hywel T. P.; Kurz, Tim; Wiersma, Bouke; Boykoff, Maxwell (2015). "Dominant frames in legacy and social media coverage of the IPCC fifth assessment report". Nature climate change, v. 5, pp. 380-385.

Ong, Walter J. (1991). "The shifting sensorium". In: Howes, D. The varieties of sensory experience. A sourcebook in the anthropology of the senses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN: 978 0 802059024

Parry, Katy (2010). "A visual framing analysis of British press photography during the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict". Media, war & conflict, v. 3, n. 1, pp. 67-85.

Parry, Katy (2011). "Images of liberation? Visual framing, humanitarianism and British press photography during the 2003 Iraq invasion Media". Culture & society, v. 33, n. 8, pp. 1185 -1201.

Petersen, Thomas (2005). "Testing visual signals in representative surveys". International journal of public opinion research, v. 17, n. 4, pp. 456-472.

Pfau, Michael; Haigh, Michel; Fifrick, Andeelynn; Holl, Douglas (2006). "The effects of print news photographs of the casualties of war". Journalism and mass communication quarterly, v. 83. n. 1, pp. 150-168.

Rodrí­guez, Lulu; Dimitrova, Daniela V. (2011). "The levels of visual framing". Journal of visual literacy, v. 30, n. 1, pp. 48-65.

Rose, Gillian (2001). Visual methodologies. London: Sage. ISBN: 978 1 412921909

Sádaba-Garraza, Teresa (2001). "Origen, aplicación y lí­mites de la "˜teorí­a del encuadre´ (framing) en comunicación". Comunicación y sociedad, v. 14, n. 2, p. 143-175.

Sábada-Garraza, Teresa (2008). Framing: el encuadre de la noticia. El binomio terrorismo-medios. Buenos Aires, La Crují­a.

Scalvini, Marco (2007). "What´s wrong with Muslims? Screening conflict and identity within France and Britain´s suburbs". In: Faccioli, Patrizia; Gibbonss, Jacqueline A. Framing globalization: Visual perspectives. Cambridge Scholars: New Castle upon Tyne. ISBN: 978 1 8471 8373 6

Schí¤fer, Mike S.; O´Neill, Saffron (2017). "Frame analysis in climate change communication". In: Nisbet, M. et al., Oxford encyclopedia of climate change communication. Oxford University Press: Oxford. ISBN: 978 0 190498986

Scheufele, Dietram A. (1999). "Framing as a theory of media effects". Journal of communication, v. 49, n. 1, pp. 103-122.

Scheufele, Dietram A.; Tewksbury, David (2007). "Framing, agenda setting, and priming: the evolution of three media effects models". Journal of communication, v. 57, n. 1, pp. 9-20.

Schwalbe, Carol B. (2013). "Visually framing the invasion and occupation of Iraq in Time, Newsweek, and US News & World Report". International journal of communication, v. 7, pp. 24.

Schwalbe, Carol B.; Dougherty, Shannon M. (2015). "Visual coverage of the 2006 Lebanon War: Framing conflict in three US news magazines". Media, war & conflict, v. 8, n. 1, pp. 141-162.

Shoemaker, Pamela; Reese, Stephen D. (1991/1996). Mediating the message. Theories of influences on mass media content. White Plans, New York: Longman. ISBN: 0 8013 1251 5

Sjí¶strí¶m, Soren (1999). "From vision to cognition. A study of metaphor and polysemy in Swedish". In: Alwood, J.; Gí¤rdenfors, P. Cognitive semantics. meaning and cognition. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. ISBN: 978 90 27250681

Slocum-Bradley, Nikki (2008). "Constructing and deconstructing the ACP Group: Actors, strategies and consequences for development". Geopolitics, v. 12, n. 4, pp. 635-655.

Slocum-Bradley, Nikki (2010). "The positioning diamond: A trans-disciplinary framework for discourse analysis". Journal for the theory of social behaviour, v. 40, n. 1, pp. 79-107.

Slocum-Bradley, Nikki; Van-Langenhove, Luk (2003). "Integration speak: introducing positioning theory in regional studies". In: Harré, R.; Moghaddam, F. The self and others: Positioning individuals and groups in personal, political and cultural contexts. London: Praeger. ISBN: 978 0 275976255

Smith, Nicholas W.; Joffe, Helene (2009). "Climate change in the British press: the role of the visual". Journal of risk research, v. 12, n. 5, pp. 647-663.

Spencer, Stephen (2007). "Visualizing the multicultural city". In: Faccioli, Patrizia; Gibbons, Jacqueline A. Framing globalization: Visual perspectives. Cambridge Scholars Publisher: New Castle. ISBN: 978 1 8471 8373 6

Spiegelhalter, David; Pearson, Mike; Short, Ian (2011). "Visualizing uncertainty about the future". Science, v. 333, n. 60, pp. 1393-1400.

Sweetser, Eve (1990). From etymology to pragmatics. Metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tankard, James W. (1991). Media frames: approaches to conceptualization and measurement. In: Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Annual Convention. Boston, MA.

Tewksbury, David; Scheufele, Dietram A. (2007). "Special issue on framing, agenda setting, & priming: Agendas for theory and research". Journal of communication, v. 57, n. 1, pp. 9-173.

Tuchman, Gaye (1978/1983). La producción de la noticia: un estudio sobre la construcción de la realidad. Barcelona: Gustavo Gili, Mass Media. ISBN: 978 9686085730

Tyler, Stephen A. (1984). "The vision quest in the West, or what the mind´s eye sees". Journal of anthropological research, v. 40, n. 1, pp. 23-40.

Van-Gorp, Baldwin (2007). "The constructionist approach to framing: bringing culture back in". Journal of communication, v. 57, n. 1, pp. 60-78.

Viberg, Ake (1983). "A universal lexicalization hierarchy for the verbs of perception". In: Karlsson, F. Papers from the Seventh Scandinavian conference of linguistics. Helsinki: University of Helsinki.

Viberg, Ake (1984). "The verbs of perception: a typological study". In: Butterworth, Brian; Comrie, Bernard; Dahl, í–sten. Explanations for language universals. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. ISBN: 978 3 110868555

Viberg, Ake (2001). "Verbs of perception. Language typology and language universals". In: Haspelmath, Martin; Kí¶nig, Ekkehard; Oesterreicher, Wulf; Raible, Wolfgang. An international handbook. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Vicente-Mariño, Miguel; López-Rabadán, Pablo (2009). "Resultados actuales de la investigación sobre framing: sólido avance internacional y arranque de la especialidad en España". Zer. Revista de estudios de comunicación, v. 14, n. 26, pp. 13-34.

Wardekker, J. Arjan; Van-der-Sluijs, Jeroen P.; Janssen, Peter H. M.; Kloprogge, Penny; Petersen, Arthur C. (2008). "Uncertainty communication in environmental assessments: views from the Dutch science-policy interface". Environmental science & policy, v. 11, n. 7, pp. 627-641.

Weaver, David H. (2007). "Thoughts on agenda setting, framing and priming". Journal of communication, v. 57, n. 1, pp. 142-147.

Weizman, Elda (2008). Positioning in media dialogue: Negotiating roles in the news interview. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Whitt, Richard-Jason (2010). Evidentiality and perception verbs in English and German. Series: German linguistic and cultural studies, v. 26. Berlin: Peter Lang.

Whitt, Richard-Jason (2011). "(Inter)Subjectivity and evidential perception verbs in English and German". Journal of pragmatics, v. 43, n. 1, pp. 347-360.

Wischmann, Lesley (1987). "Dying on the front page: Kent State and the Pulitzer prize". Journal of mass media ethics, v. 2, n. 2, pp. 67-74.

Wise, Deborah; James, Melanie (2013). "Positioning a price on carbon: Applying a proposed hybrid method of positioning discourse analysis for public relations". Public relations inquiry, v. 2, n. 3, pp. 327-353.

Yu, Ning (2004). "The eyes for sight and mind". Journal of pragmatics, v. 36, n. 4, pp. 663-686.

Zelle, Gregor (2009). Exploring the application of positioning theory to the analysis of organisational change. In: Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference. Adelaide, Australia.

Zillman, Dolf; Gibson, Rhonda; Sergent, Stephanie L. (1999). "Effects of photographs in news-magazine reports on issue perception". Media Psychology, v. 1, n. 3, pp. 207-228.




Cómo citar

Domí­nguez-Romero, E. (2021). Reframing (inner) terror: A digital discourse-based approach to evidential repositioning of reader reactions towards visual reframing. Profesional De La información Information Professional, 29(6).



Análisis / Analysis